Compose a 1500 words assignment on thomas hardy’s tess of the d’urbervilles and george eliot’s adam bede. Needs to be plagiarism free! This study takes a look at how the class divide and death have an effect on the story and the characters by comparing the way in which these motifs have been used by the writers. The social class and level of poverty are two factors around which the plot of Tess of the D’Urbervilles and Adam Bede revolve. The writer, Thomas Hardy lived in an era when England was facing a deep social crisis after the onset of the industrial revolution. Tess belongs to an extremely poor family who are in the lowest strata of the society. This is clear from the fact that the horse was the only means through which their family survived. This plight is also evident when Tess exclaims, “Tis all my doing–all mine! the girl cried, gazing at the spectacle. “No excuse for me–none. What will mother and father live on now?”” (Hardy, 1891, Part IV1). Hence, it can be said that poor economic condition is the reason that leads her to the impending tragedy. These circumstances lead to a situation where Tess is forced to go to work to the family of D’Urbervilles, from where the entire tragedy of Tess starts. The social set up of the 18th century where the peasants were poor and the landlords exploited them considerably forms an integral theme of Tess of D’Urbervilles. After the industrial revolution, the economy in the rural areas collapsed and created a number of poor peasants who had no means to sustain their livelihood. Then, they were exploited by the capitalist community who formed the upper class of the society. Such was the plight of Tess when she was forced to go to the rich family of the D’Urbervilles for work, that there was no other means to survive. This helplessness is evident in the lines, “”Well, as I killed the horse, mother,” she said mournfully, “I suppose I ought to do something”” (Hardy, 1891, Part V). This situation is the starting point of the great tragedy that Tess was about to endure. She gets raped, her child Sorrow dies, Angel leaves her and her father dies, and it is again the extreme poverty that leads to their family from being thrown out of the house. Once again, she is forced to become mistress to Alec, leading to the ultimate tragedy of the story. On a deeper look, Eliot’s Adam Bede is also a novel that reflects certain similarities in terms of the social set up. As Tess, the female protagonist of the novel, Hetty Sorrel belongs to the working class of the society. She gets attracted to the rich Captain Arthur Donnithorne. For Arthur, Hetty is a mere fascination. and being rich and powerful, the society has given him the freedom to express the fascination openly. However, for Hetty, Arthur was someone who could change the world. Therefore, when Hetty becomes pregnant, she becomes the helpless poor woman who has nowhere to go. As she was from the lower class of the society, there was no choice before her, but to abandon the child. Her plight is evident in the following words, “But which way could she turn ? It was impossible for her to enter into any service, even if she could obtain it . there was nothing but immediate beg- gary before her.