Psychology Family And Child
You will define family and seven other terms, theories and/or key persons related to child and family psychology and describe their significance. Significance refers to identifying the relevance to the study of families. Examples are important; well-described clinical or research examples that clearly illustrate the importance are acceptable.
Please note: Terms listed together, such as # 4 assimilation and acculturation, are considered as “one term” as they are interrelated. References to the text, slides and/or course readings are required.
Summary: Comprehensively define family based on what you have studied and read during the spring semester, and select and define seven other terms from the key terms list. You will define eight terms in total.
Beilf systems : Spritual and Cultural
Family Therapy and Play Therapy (examples)
Attached below is an example of two terms, please dont copy it and it doesnt have to be so lenghty.
Note: Below find two examples from prior student exams of well-developed definitions. Responses will vary, but should show thoughtful preparation and adequate detail. I will accept a range of responses and lengths as long as the answer is complete and connects relevant terms to child and family psychology. Be sure to refer to textbook, readings, and/or slides for definitions. Many students refer to case studies and readings for examples as well if needed. Relevant personal examples are acceptable as well. Assimilation and Acculturation These related processes reflect family reactions after the transition or move
to a new cultural setting. Reactions may follow family and child immigration and/or
migration for various reasons. Assimilation is the process in which an individual or a
family adopts the dominant culture’s practices, language, norms or customs.
Acculturation is a process where there is a conscious process of making decisions
regarding what aspects of one’s culture of origin to retain and to continue to
practice and what aspects may be sacrificed (and to what degree). There are several
theories linked to acculturation. Changes are multidimensional according to Berry
and occur at individual and societal levels. The concepts of adaptation and
adjustment are closely related to acculturation
Knowledge of these processes is critically important for the study of children
in the context of their families given the rising number of immigrant families
including transnational families. Immigrant families often need assistance with
decisions affecting acculturation. Cultural shifts, differences and preferences should
be acknowledged and understood by those who work children and families. Within
families there may be generational differences, divides and/or conflicts linked to
these two processes, particularly with the degrees of assimilation and the choices in
An example of a difference would be an East Indian adolescent wanting to and
feeling more comfortable dressing in American/Western style clothes, rather than
abiding by the family preferences of girls only wearing a sari or other traditional
Indian clothing as they come of age. While the change is at the appearance level it
may be highly symbolic of the adolescent’s adjustments. This could lead to a rupture
in family relationships; communication is vital.
Boundaries Boundaries are key to the structural model. Boundaries are formed within
families as subsystems. Subsystems such as spousal, sibling, and parent-‐child
subsystems must be able to maintain boundaries, but must also allow for a flow of
information between subsystems. Clarity of boundaries is linked to healthy family
functioning. Conflict may arise when the flow of information and the structure of
relationships in the family are out of synchrony. Enmeshment (no separation) or
disengagement (too much rigidness or separateness) indicate extremes in how
boundaries may impact family systems. Boundaries are also both internal and
external; specifically boundaries exist between the overall family system and the
Boundaries are significant because they often reflect nature of authority,
communication and closeness and provide structure to family life. Children often
find security with healthy and clear boundaries, but may feel confused and/or be at
risk when they have very enmeshed or very disengaged relationships. When
boundaries shift problems may occur. These problems or adjustments may be
needed at times in response to stressors, and can be long-‐term or more temporary.
For example, if a child’s medical needs entirely consume one parent to the point of
not giving any attention to the spousal subsystem, this adjustment while needed
may create a strain on family relationships and cause boundaries to shift.