Discuss how the constitution is still relevant today.

this is assignment consists of three parts all of them should not be more than 1 page and half. Please label each section. with Part #

Respond to the question posed, after reading the text and powerpoint.  Then respond to a classmates post to receive full credit.  Your second post, a response to another student, must include content – not just a statement of agreement or disagreement with their post.  Both posts should show that you have read the material in the text as well as your peers’ posts and have applied all of that to the question at hand.   Your posts should be grammatically correct, so others can understand your point. It’s not a formal writing forum, but it’s not Facebook either.

part 1:

please see the PowerPoint attached( GOVT10_SidlowHenschen_Ch01.pdf ) and watch this video

Chapter 1- Discuss and define American political ideologies (remember ideologies are not parties).  Or create a post about something you found especially interesting in the chapter and want to discuss further.

part 2:

please see the PowerPoint attached( GOVT10_SidlowHenschen_Ch02.pdf ) and watch this video

 

Chapter 2- Discuss how the constitution is still relevant today.  Use current examples. Or create a post about something you found especially interesting in the chapter and want to discuss further.

part 3:

please see the PowerPoint attached( GOVT10_SidlowHenschen_Ch03.pdf ) and watch this video

 

Chapter 3- Marijuana is illegal under national law, but Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington have moved to legalize and tax it. Should the federal government take a hands off approach or crack down?  Why or why not?  (remember the bigger picture of federalism and state v. federal power).  Watch the John Oliver clip before commenting. Or create a post about something you found especially interesting in the chapter and want to discuss further.

America in the Twenty-First Century

1

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LEARNING OUTCOMES

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1.  Explain what is meant by the terms politics and government

2.  Identify the various types of government systems

3.  Summarize some of the basic principles of American democracy and basic American political values

4.  Define common American ideological positions, such as conservatism and liberalism

 

 

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Politics

•  Process of resolving conflicts over how society should use its scarce resources and who should receive various benefits

•  Assumes that social conflict is inevitable •  Social conflict: Disagreement among

people over society’s priorities

LO 1

 

 

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Government

•  Individuals and institutions that make society’s rules and have the power and authority to enforce those rules •  Institutions: Ongoing organizations that

perform functions for society •  Power: Ability to influence the behavior of

others •  Authority: Ability to legitimately exercise

power

LO 1

 

 

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Three Essential Purposes of Government

•  Resolving conflicts •  Providing public services

•  Public services: Essential services that individuals cannot provide for themselves

•  Defending the nation and its culture against attacks by other nations

LO 1

 

 

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Systems of Government

•  Undemocratic systems •  Power of the government is typically in the

hands of an authoritarian individual or group ➖ Autocracy: Power and authority of the

government are in the hands of a single person

•  Democratic systems •  Government is by the consent of the people

and reflects the will of the majority

LO 2

 

 

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Type of Autocracy: Monarchy

•  A king, queen, or an aristocrat is the highest authority in the government •  Power is obtained through inheritance

•  Absolute monarchy – Monarch holds complete and unlimited power •  By the divine right theory, a monarch’s

right to rule was derived directly from God •  Constitutional monarchy – Monarchs

share governmental power with elected lawmakers

LO 2

 

 

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Dictatorship

•  Absolute power is exercised by an individual or group whose power is not supported by tradition

•  Can be totalitarian •  Totalitarian – Leader or group of leaders

seek to control almost all aspects of social and economic life

•  Beneficial to the leaders but damaging to the nation

LO 2

 

 

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Democracy

•  People have ultimate political authority •  Direct democracy (Athenian model)

•  Political decisions are made by the people and not by the elected representatives

•  Representative democracy •  Will of the majority is expressed through

groups of individuals elected as representatives ➖ Republic: Representative system in

which people are sovereign

LO 2

 

 

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accessible website, in whole or in part.

Types of Representative Democracy

•  Presidential democracy •  Lawmaking and law-enforcing branches are

separate but equal •  Parliamentary democracy

•  Lawmaking and law-enforcing branches are united

•  Parliament: National legislative body in countries governed by a parliamentary system

LO 2

 

 

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The British Legacy

•  Framers of the U.S. Constitution included two basic principles that evolved in England •  Limited government ➖ Powers of government should be clearly

limited either through a written document or through wide public understanding

•  Representative government ➖ People elect individuals to make

governmental decisions for all citizens

LO 3

 

 

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Political Philosophy: John Locke

•  Democracy resulted from a type of social contract among early Americans •  Individuals voluntarily agree to give up some

of their freedoms to obtain the benefits of orderly government

•  Purpose of a government was to protect the natural rights of its citizens

LO 3

 

 

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Principles of American Democracy

Equality in vo6ng

Individual freedom

Equal protec6on of the law

Majority rule and minority rights

Voluntary consent to be governed

LO 3

 

 

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American Political Values

•  Political culture •  Set of ideas, values, and attitudes about

government and the political process held by a community or nation

•  Ideals and standards of the American political culture are embodied in the Declaration of Independence

LO 3

 

 

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American Political Values (continued)

• Freedom to believe, act, and express as long as it does not infringe on the rights of others Liberty

• All people are en8tled to equal protec8on under the law Equality

• Poli8cal power and the liberty to do what one wants—within limits

• Closely related to the pursuit of happiness Property

LO 3

 

 

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Property and Capitalism

•  Property •  Consists of assets that can be used to

create and sell goods and services •  Capitalism

•  Economic system based on the private ownership of wealth-producing property, free markets, and freedom of contract

•  Privately owned corporation is the preeminent capitalist institution

LO 3

 

 

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Political Values and a Divided Electorate

•  Caused by differences among Americans in interpreting collectively held values •  Increasing numbers of Republicans and

Democrats consider the other party to be misguided and a danger to the country

LO 3

 

 

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accessible website, in whole or in part.

Political Values in a Changing Society

•  Multiculturalism •  Outgrowth of the civil rights movement •  Belief that the many cultures that make up

American society should remain distinct and be protected by its laws

•  Dramatic changes in the racial and ethnic makeup of the United States •  Demographic changes may provide a

substantial future benefit to the Democratic Party

LO 3

 

 

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Aging of America

•  In future years, more retired people will be collecting: •  Social Security •  Medicare •  Private pensions

•  Sharing the national income among the generations will become an ever-greater problem

LO 3

 

 

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American Political Ideology

•  Ideology •  System of political ideas rooted in religious

or philosophical beliefs concerning human nature, society, and government

•  Broad political camps among Americans include: •  Conservatives •  Liberals

LO 4

 

 

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Conservatism

•  Set of political beliefs that include: •  Limited role for national government in

helping individuals and in national economic affairs

•  Support for traditional values and lifestyles •  Conservative movement

•  Ideological movement that arose in the 1950s and 1960s and continues to shape conservative beliefs

LO 4

 

 

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Conservative Thinking

•  Involves the belief that: •  Distribution of social and economic benefits

that would exist if the government took little or no action is usually optimum

•  Individuals and families should take responsibility for their own economic circumstances

•  High value should be placed on the principle of order, on family values, and on patriotism

LO 4

 

 

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Liberalism

•  Set of political beliefs that include advocacy of active government •  Also include advocacy of government

intervention to improve the common welfare and to protect civil rights

•  Roots can be traced to the New Deal programs of Franklin D. Roosevelt

•  Favors the separation of church and state

LO 4

 

 

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Other Liberal Values: Progressivism

•  Today, an alternative, more popular term for the set of political beliefs also known as liberalism

•  Term progressive dates back to the first years of the 20th century •  Referred to a reform movement that was

active in both major political parties

LO 4

 

 

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Figure 1.3 The Traditional Political Spectrum LO 4

 

 

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Ideologies beyond Conservatism and Liberalism: Socialism

•  Often critical of capitalism •  Lies to the left of liberalism on the

traditional political spectrum •  Social democrats

•  Strongly support egalitarianism and democracy

•  Have a greater tolerance for strong government

LO 4

 

 

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Ideologies beyond Conservatism and Liberalism: Libertarianism

•  Belief that government should do as little as possible in: •  Economic spheres •  Regulating morality and personal behavior

•  Economic progressives and social conservatives •  Support government intervention to promote

both economic fairness and moral values

LO 4

 

 

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Figure 1.4 A Two-Dimensional Political Classification

LO 4

 

 

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Modern Definitions of Conservatism Click picture to play video

Donald Trump and Marco Rubio define conserva8sm

 

 

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Questions

•  What are some key differences between Donald Trump’s definition of conservatism and Marco Rubio’s definition?

•  Do you believe traditional family values hold the same level of importance for modern conservatives as they have in the past? •  Why or why not?

 

 

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Questions (continued)

•  As a class, brainstorm the five most important beliefs or values of modern conservatives

 

 

32 C o p y r i g h t © 2 0 1 8 C e n g a g e L e a r n i n g . A l l R i g h t s R e s e r v e d . M a y n o t b e s c a n n e d , c o p i e d o r d u p l i c a t e d , o r p o s t e d t o a p u b l i c l y a c c e s s i b l e w e b s i t e , i n w h o l e o r i n p a r t . GOVT10 | CH1 32

KEY TERMS

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•  Ins6tu6on • Social conflict • Poli6cs • Government • Power • Authority • Public services • Autocracy

•  Monarchy •  Divine right theory •  Dictatorship •  Democracy •  Direct democracy •  Representa6ve

democracy •  Republic •  Parliament

 

 

33 HIST4 | CH6 33 HIST4 | CH6

KEY TERMS (continued)

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• Limited government • Social contract • Natural rights • Poli6cal culture • Liberty • Equality • Capitalism •  Ideology • Conserva6sm

•  Conserva6ve movement

•  Liberalism •  Progressivism •  Moderates •  Socialism •  Libertarianism •  Working class

 

 

34 C o p y r i g h t © 2 0 1 8 C e n g a g e L e a r n i n g . A l l R i g h t s R e s e r v e d . M a y n o t b e s c a n n e d , c o p i e d o r d u p l i c a t e d , o r p o s t e d t o a p u b l i c l y a c c e s s i b l e w e b s i t e , i n w h o l e o r i n p a r t . 34

SUMMARY

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• Poli6cs is the process of resolving conflicts • Government makes society’s rules and possesses the power and authority to enforce those rules

• Government systems can be democra6c or undemocra6c

• Conserva6sm favors a limited role for the na6onal government

• Liberalism advocates an ac6ve government

 

 

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