1. Print, read and annotate the following pair of articles posted in Unit and General Resources:
Assigned Articles for Opposing Viewpoints Assignment
Students Should Have the Right to Carry Guns on College Campuses
David Burnett (2012)
Students Should Not Be Allowed to Carry Guns on College Campuses
Darby Dickerson (2012)
2. Write a detailed three paragraph response. Use details from these two assigned articles by Burnett and Dickerson to support your argument.
- What is each author’s central argument?
Students Should Have the Right to Carry Guns on College Campuses Guns and Crime, 2012
David Burnett is the director of public relations for Students for Concealed Carry on Campus (SCCC), a national, non-partisan, grassroots organization that supports the legalization of concealed carry by licensed individuals on college campuses.
The mass murder that occurred in April 2007 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University is just one example of the many college shooting sprees in which students and teachers were unable to defend themselves because their campuses were mandated gun-free zones. Gun-free zones are supposed to be safe areas, but statistics show that campuses are not always safe. And the fact is the only people who truly benefit from such designated zones are criminals and killers. Students and teachers have the right to defend themselves, and if they are responsible enough to apply for and receive a license to carry a concealed firearm, no law should deny them that right.
It was nothing less than a morning of sheer terror.
If you asked any student on the quiet campus of Virginia Tech [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University] on the morning of April 16, 2007, most would have told you they felt safe. As they gathered their backpacks, pencils and textbooks and prepared to go about their day, no one imagined the sleepy town of Blacksburg, Va., would be the stage for the worst college shooting in U.S. history.
One of the students feeling particularly safe that morning was a mentally disturbed youth—he would
want his name to be printed here, but we won’t—whose plans differed radically from those of his classmates. Instead of textbooks and calculators, his plan involved two handguns and 400 rounds of ammunition.
Gun-Free Zones Are Not Necessarily Safe Zones
Despite his psychological problems, he showed deliberate and calculated strategy in selecting his target. There’s no doubt he felt safe planning and carrying out his attack, since just the previous year Virginia Tech officials “heroically” defeated a bill allowing lawful concealed carry on campus. The officials were jubilant at their victory, certain that the bill’s defeat would help students “feel safe.” They realized too late that feeling safe and being safe were two different things—the bill’s failure guaranteed that no one was capable of resisting an armed killer.
Walking into a dormitory, the shooter began by gunning down two students. It took two hours before officials alerted students to the murders. During that interval, police arrived and began investigating, the killer mailed videotaped rants and a manifesto to NBC, and Virginia Tech officials privately warned their own families and secured their own offices. What school officials didn’t do, however, was warn students that their safety that morning might be in jeopardy, as required by federal law. A review by the
U.S. Department of Education released in May  found that Virginia Tech failed to take prompt
action in warning the campus community of the possibility of danger after the bodies of the two students were found, in accordance with a mandate called the Clery Act.
More than two hours later, with police still on campus, the perpetrator entered Norris Hall and began murdering more students. One survivor later stated that the total randomness of the killing was still hard to get over; without the ability to resist, the choice of life or death rested solely in the hands of a mentally deranged killer. Eventually, realizing armed officers were approaching, he took one final life—his own.
In nine minutes he fired 174 shots, killed 32 people and wounded 15—traumatizing a whole campus and leaving an entire nation to grieve. Although the massacre was devastating, it could have been far worse: The killer missed with 73 percent of his shots, and he had more than 200 rounds remaining.
The Virginia Tech story is familiar to anyone who followed the news in 2007. Killing sprees aren’t new, but it was the first time in decades that a college campus was hit, or that so many died.
College campuses represent one of the final frontiers in the fight for concealed carry.
What is less well known is that there have been more than a dozen other college shootings since Virginia Tech. You probably didn’t hear about most of them because there wasn’t enough blood to earn a cover story, but each of these attacks had one thing in common. They all occurred under the same banner: “gun-free zone.”
Colleges fight hard for these “gun-free” zones, wearing them as a badge of honor. They even advertise their campuses as being defense-free.
As Right-to-Carry freedoms have expanded in recent years, such legally sanctioned victim disarmament zones have dwindled. State legislators and average Americans are realizing that gun- free zones appeal to only two groups of people: the irrational, unreasonable anti-gun crowd … and killers.
College campuses represent one of the final frontiers in the fight for concealed carry.
A Movement Against Defenselessness
In many ways, this is one of the most vital battles. It is here, under the careful tutelage of mostly left- leaning professors, that the best and brightest are challenging their worldviews and forming new ones. And it is here that students are deluded into believing that they are safer when disarmed. The future is being fashioned in these classrooms, and it doesn’t bode well for America’s freedoms.
But there is hope. A new generation of freedom’s defenders is rising up to take a stand for its rights, and demanding an end to discrimination against law-abiding armed citizens.
Students for Concealed Carry on Campus (SCCC) was formed in direct response to the Virginia Tech
shootings. The group’s goal? Stop pretending a piece of paper taped to the door will stop a killer.
Originally, the group started out on the social networking site Facebook. But after another psychopathic killing spree at Northern Illinois University, the group began receiving national attention. Suddenly major news agencies were investigating whether Right-to-Carry could deter killers at colleges. Group membership quickly blossomed into more than 40,000 supporters.
The organization began holding “empty holster protest” events at colleges nationwide. As a symbol of their forced defenselessness, students strapped on empty holsters while attending class. The most recent protest in April included thousands of students at more than 130 colleges.
Educational activities such as concealed carry classes, gun safety lessons or other firearms training
are held at some schools. Other members sponsor debates, speaking events or free days at the range for professors.
For the first time in the history of the gun rights movement, the youth of America are stepping up to take the lead.
Colleges’ responses have proven interesting. Many turn deaf ears to students lobbying for their rights. Others have shown they’re no longer content to tread on just one amendment.
In Texas, some students were forbidden from wearing empty holsters on campus, until a federal judge stepped in and enforced their right to free speech.
In Michigan, some professors wanted to cancel classes, based only on their fear of empty holsters.
In Kentucky, despite a workplace protection law allowing employees to keep guns in cars without reprisal, one university fired a graduate student for having a handgun locked in his car on campus property. The car, incidentally, was parked more than a mile away while the student was busy saving lives in the university hospital emergency room.
The criticisms of allowing guns on campus fly fast and thick:
Guns and alcohol don’t mix.
Students aren’t responsible enough.
Guns will lead to more violence.
Such criticisms come not just from the hackneyed gun-ban crowd, but from the “enlightened” university officials and campus police chiefs. Somehow, opponents of campus carry believe responsible adults with concealed carry permits are actually dormant criminals, just waiting for the law to sanction guns on campus before cutting loose with sprees of violent crime.
It’s definitely not the story they tell when advertising their colleges or soliciting donations.
Concealed Carry Works When Given the Chance
Despite the heavy-handed opposition of colleges and anti-gun groups (who accused SCCC of being another arm of the so-called “gun lobby”), the protests drew the attention of state legislators.
Since 2007, 22 states have considered legislation allowing lawful concealed carry on campus. While many of these bills stalled in committee, Arizona, South Carolina and Georgia passed laws at least allowing guns to be kept in parked cars on campus. (Note that most colleges ban guns in cars, daring to extend their authority even to commuting students’ drives to and from the schools).
Presently, 25 states ban guns on college campuses, eight of them leave it to universities to set their rules, and some states don’t address the issue at all, which sometimes creates legal gray areas.
As usual, the ignorant criticisms of expanding Right-to-Carry fall flat when compared to reality. Every public university in Utah has allowed concealed handguns on campus since 2006, with no misfires, accidental shootings or incidents of any kind reported. Likewise, Blue Ridge Community College in
Virginia has allowed concealed carry on campus for years with zero complaints.
Guns became permissible on some campuses in Michigan in 2009 when law enforcement officials
refused to enforce Michigan State University’s non-binding ban on weapons. The school changed its policy to reflect state law, which prohibits concealed carry only in dorms, stadiums and classrooms.
But perhaps the greatest illustration of the difference between victim disarmament and victim empowerment—and its effect on crime—is found in Colorado.
Two schools stand in stark contrast on the issue. After Colorado became a shall-issue Right-to-Carry state in 2003, Colorado State University (CSU) chose to comply with the law and allow concealed carry on campus. Though certainly there are other factors at play, the school’s crime rate has steadily declined ever since, dropping from 800 crimes in 2002 to 200 in 2008. Sexual offenses alone dropped from 47 in 2002 to only two in 2008. James Alderden, the county sheriff and a gun rights supporter, reports absolutely no problems from permit-holders.
Meanwhile, the University of Colorado (CU), which banned guns, has experienced a dramatic increase in crime. In contrast to CSU’s 61 percent drop in the last five years, CU crime is up 37 percent.
The data show that concealed carry works as a deterrent on a college campus.
Shockingly, citing “risks” of allowing guns on campus, CSU moved to ban concealed carry on campus in the spring of 2010—despite hundreds of students petitioning against the ban, and a near- unanimous vote from student government. Sheriff Alderden vehemently opposed the unconstitutional ban, declaring his jail off-limits to anyone arresting lawfully armed students, and vowing to testify in defense of anyone prosecuted for being armed.
Just before press time, under pressure from SCCC, CSU announced it would rescind its planned
prohibition on concealed carry, leaving students there better able to defend themselves against criminals. More than a dozen other community colleges in Colorado subsequently changed their policies to allow concealed carry on campus.
College Students Deserve the Right to Defend Themselves
Clearly the data show that concealed carry works as a deterrent on a college campus. Yet even some gun owners think back to their college days, picture their sons or daughters on a campus full of students and question the wisdom of allowing concealed weapons on campus. Despite the knowledge
that anyone carrying a firearm would already have to meet several stringent requirements to possess a permit, some pro-gun parents even question if such a proposal is too dangerous.
The better question to ponder is, isn’t it too dangerous not to allow concealed carry? Gun-free zones only serve to protect killers by ensuring they will face no resistance.
College campuses may be safer than the average city, but that doesn’t mean they’re safe. Statistics show there are nine sexual assaults per day on campuses nationwide. Imagine your loved one, perhaps a son or daughter, sitting in a classroom targeted by a killer. Or picture your daughter, niece or granddaughter walking home from the library late at night and being ambushed by a serial rapist. Colleges must be held accountable for forcing these victims to be disarmed and helpless as a condition of admittance.
Colleges often argue that “kids” aren’t responsible enough to carry a gun—a senseless argument since most state laws don’t authorize concealed carry until the age of 21. These “kids” can drive a car
at 16 and get married, get a mortgage and join the military at 18. There’s something backward when the same “kids” who defend our nation with M16s are somehow too dangerous to carry .38s for self- defense on college campuses.
The fact that taxpayer-funded colleges can force Right-to-Carry permit holders to surrender their Second Amendment rights upon crossing the invisible (and unsecured) borders of their campuses should anger every sensible American.
Police took nine minutes to reach the Virginia Tech killer. Northern Illinois University police took two minutes to confront the attacker at their school. And at the University of Alabama (Huntsville), where a Harvard-trained professor is accused of shooting six of her colleagues, the campus police station was literally next door to the site of the murder. Nevertheless, police could not prevent these crimes.
[Students] are boldly insisting that colleges get serious about safety and stop pretending signs and rules will protect them.
When a college doesn’t secure its borders and the students’ only alternatives for responding to attacks include huddling together (presenting the best possible target for a murderer), dialing 9-1-1 and playing dead, something is indeed wrong and has to change.
These students need—and deserve—your help. Braving the wrath of the academic class, they are boldly insisting that colleges get serious about safety and stop pretending signs and rules will protect them. With minimal funding and maximum efforts, student activists have brought the issue to national exposure, called out the vulnerability and inaction of colleges, and successfully prompted legislation to be heard in nearly half the states in the union.
This battle isn’t just for student rights—it’s for the rights of every single American. Our future is being shaped in these classrooms. We must continue the fight to ensure that future is bright, safe and free.
Further Readings Books
Ben Agger There Is a Gunman on Campus: Tragedy and Terror at Virginia Tech. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.
Pjeter D. Baldridge, editor Gun Ownership and the Second Amendment. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2009.
Chris Bird Thank God I Had a Gun: True Accounts of Self-Defense. San Antonio, TX: Privateer Publications, 2006.
Joan Burbick Gun Show Nation: Gun Culture and American Democracy. New York: New Press, 2006.
Brian Doherty Gun Control on Trial: Inside the Supreme Court Battle Over the Second Amendment. Washington, DC: Cato Institute, 2008.
Richard Feldman Ricochet: Confessions of a Gun Lobbyist. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2008.
Kristin A. Goss Disarmed: The Missing Movement for Gun Control in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.
Alan Gottlieb and Dave Workman America Fights Back: Armed Self-Defense in a Violent Age. Bellevue, WA: Merril Press, 2007.
Alan Gottlieb and Dave Workman These Dogs Don’t Hunt: The Democrats’ War on Guns. Bellevue, WA: Merril Press, 2008.
Stephen P. Halbrook The Founders’ Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2008.
Bernard E. Harcourt Language of the Gun: Youth, Crime, and Public Policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.
Dennis A. Henigan Lethal Logic: Exploding the Myths that Paralyze American Gun Policy. Washington, DC: Potomac Books, 2009.
Kathy Jackson The Cornered Cat: A Woman’s Guide to Concealed Carry. Hamilton, MI: White Feather Press, LLC, 2010.
David B. Kopel Aiming for Liberty: The Past, Present, and Future of Freedom and Self Defense. Bellevue, WA: Merril Press, 2009.
Mark Pogrebin, N. Prabha Unnithan, Paul Stretesky Guns, Violence, and Criminal Behavior: The Offender’s Perspective. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2009.
John A. Rich Wrong Place, Wrong Time: Trauma and Violence in the Lives of Young Black Men. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.
Lucinda Roy No Right to Remain Silent: The Tragedy at Virginia Tech. Van Nuys, CA: Harmony, 2009.
Robert J. Spitzer The Politics of Gun Control, 4th Edition. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2008.
Mark Walters and Kathy Jackson Lessons from Armed America. Hamilton, MI: White Feather Press, LLC, 2009.
Timothy Wheeler and E. John Wipfler Keeping Your Family Safe: The Responsibilities of Firearm Ownership. Bellevue, WA: Merril Press, 2009.
Periodicals and Internet Sources Ben Adler “Conservatives Make Inaccurate Arguments Against Gun Control,” Newsweek, January 18, 2011.
Ellen S. Alberding “Philanthropy Must Challenge the Idea that Gun Violence Can’t Be Stopped,” The Chronicle of Philanthropy, January 14, 2011.
Frida Berrigan “Too Many Guns,” Huffington Post, October 23, 2008. www.huffingtonpost.com.
Jimmy Carter “What Happened to the Ban on Assault Weapons?” New York Times, April 26, 2009.
Steve Chapman “The Unconcealed Truth about Carrying Guns,” Reason, March 31, 2011. www.reason.com.
Saul Cornell “What the ‘Right to Bear Arms’ Really Means,” Salon, January 15, 2011. www.salon.com.
Diane Dimond “Packing Heat at College,” Huffington Post, March 1, 2011. www.huffingtonpost.com.
John J. Donohue “It Takes Laws to Control the Bad Guys,” New York Times, January 12, 2011.
James Alan Fox “More Guns Means More Guns,” New York Times, January 12, 2011.
Morris Goodman “Gun Violence in America Calls for Gun Control,” The News-Herald, January 17, 2011.
Michael Grunwald “Tucson Tragedy: Is Gun Control a Dead Issue?” Time, January 24, 2011.
Thomas L. Harnisch “Concealed Weapons on State College Campuses: In Pursuit of Individual Liberty and Collective Security,” American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU), November 2008. www.aascu.org.
Bob Herbert “How Many Deaths Are Enough?” New York Times, January 17, 2011.
Joshua E. Keating “Armed, But Not Necessarily Dangerous,” Foreign Policy, January 11, 2011. www.foreignpolicy.com.
Nicholas D. Kristof “Why Not Regulate Guns as Seriously as Toys?” New York Times, January 12, 2011.
Juliet A. Leftwich “Worse than Iraq: Guns Kill More Americans at Home in Six Weeks than in Four Years of War,” The Recorder, October 12, 2007.
W. Scott Lewis “Empty Holsters on Campus,” The Washington Times, October 24, 2007.
Sylvia Longmire “Guns in Mexico: A Challenge to Obama and the NRA,” San Diego Union-Tribune, June 23, 2011.
John R. Lott, Jr. “More Guns, Less Crime?: The Case for Arming Yourself,” New York Times, January 12, 2011.
Michael Luo “Mental Health and Guns: Do Background Checks Do Enough?” New York Times, April 19, 2007.
Heather Martens “When Background Checks Are Given a Chance, They Work,” Minnesota Public Radio, March 23, 2011. www.minnesotapublicradio.org.
Roger Simon “The Everyday Crisis of Gun Violence,” Politico, April 7, 2009. www.politico.com.
Ron Smith “Face the Facts: Gun Control Laws Don’t Save Lives,” The Baltimore Sun, January 20, 2011.
Robert J. Spitzer “Campuses Just Say ‘No’ to Guns,” Huffington Post, February 27, 2011. www.huffingtonpost.com.
Daniel Stone “Is Gun Violence the Cost of Freedom?” Newsweek, January 13, 2011.
John Stossel “Guns Save Lives: Why the Right to Keep and Bear Arms Is Essential in a Free Society,” Reason, June 24, 2010. www.reason.com.
Mike Stuckey “Record Numbers Licensed to Pack Heat,” MSNBC.com, June 24, 2010. www.msnbc.msn.com.
Janalee Tobias “Columbine Was an Easy Target—Guns Protect Schools from Criminals,” US News & World Report, April 20, 2009.
Full Text: COPYRIGHT 2012 Greenhaven Press, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning.
Source Citation Burnett, David. “Students Should Have the Right to Carry Guns on College
Campuses.” Guns and Crime. Ed. Christine Watkins. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2012. At Issue. Rpt. from “Colleges Reveal Their Plan to Keep Students from Becoming Victims of On-Campus Violence: Duck & Cover.” National Rifle Association Online, 2010. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 8 July 2015.
Document URL http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?fa ilOverType=&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules =&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Viewpoints&dviSelect edPage=&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGrou ps=&sortBy=&zid=&search_within_results=&p=OVIC&action=e& catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ3010015252&sour ce=Bookmark&u=viva2_nvcc&jsid=0631f5a936d074f97f482dab0db37024
Gale Document Number: GALE|EJ3010015252
- Whose position do you agree with more, any why? Be specific in your response.
5. Post your paragraphs to the Opposing Viewpoints full class forum.