done in the text (and we reviewed it in class) so it should be easy but I thought it was so important that I’d like you to put what they say into your own words.
c) Now, I’d like you to generalize the expression for the specific heat Cv to be
appropriate to a polyatomic molecule, specifically H2O(g). Assume that we’ll be working in the temperature range from 300 – 800 K where we can consider ourselves to be way above the rotational temperature Θrot so you can just approximate the rotational contribution to specific heat to be 3R/2 per mole corresponding to R/2 for each of the three rotational degrees of freedom. The main modification you need to make is to consider that there are 4 degrees of vibrational freedom for water (asymmetric stretch ħω1 = 3756 cm-‐1, symmetric stretch ħω2 = 3652 cm-‐1, bending mode ħω3 = 1595 cm-‐1 and another bending mode ħω4 = 1595 cm-‐1).
d) Use your expression from c) to plot Cv versus temperature over the
temperature range specified above (calculating a point every 100 K should be enough). Compare your result to experimental values from the literature.
e) As is evident from Figure 4.7, there is excellent agreement of calculated and
measured specific heats. The text notes (page 160) that the agreement can be improved still further if we refine the harmonic oscillator model to consider anharmonicity – i.e. the fact that the potential is not really harmonic. (For reference, see problem 1-‐27 and 1-‐31 of the text on page 34). Given that accounting for anharmonicity decreases the spacings between energy levels relative to what they would have been in a completely harmonic system, reason as to whether making a correction for anharmonicity would increase or decrease the values of your calculated specific heat. Explain your reasoning.