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After earning a few dollars working on my brother-in law’s farm near Portage [Wisconsin], I set off on the first of my long lonely excursions, botanising in glorious freedom around the Great Lakes and wandering through innumerable tamarac and arbor-vitae swamps, and forests of maple, basswood, ash, elm, balsam, fir, pine, spruce, hemlock, rejoicing in their bound wealth and strength and beauty, climbing the trees, revelling in their flowers and fruit like bees in beds of goldenrods, glorying in the fresh cool beauty and charm of the bog and meadow heathworts, grasses, carices, ferns, mosses, liverworts displayed in boundless profusion.
The rarest and most beautiful of the flowering plants I discovered on this first grand excursion was Calypso borealis (the Hider of the North). I had been fording streams more and more difficult to cross and wading bogs and swamps that seemed more and more extensive and more difficult to force one’s way through. Entering one of these great tamarac and arbor-vitae swamps one morning, holding a general though very crooked course by compass, struggling through tangled drooping branches and over and under broad heaps of fallen trees, I began to fear that I would not be able to reach dry ground before dark, and therefore would have to pass the night in the swamp and began, faint and hungry, to plan a nest of branches on one of the largest trees or windfalls like a monkey’s nest, or eagle’s, or Indian’s in the flooded forests of the Orinoco described by Humboldt.
But when the sun was getting low and everything seemed most bewildering and discouraging, I found beautiful Calypso on the mossy bank of a stream, growing not in the ground but on a bed of yellow mosses in which its small white bulb had found a soft nest and from which its one leaf and one flower sprung. The flower was white and made the impression of the utmost simple purity like a snowflower. No other bloom was near it, for the bog a short distance below the surface was still frozen, and the water was ice cold. It seemed the most spiritual of all the flower people I had ever met. I sat down beside it and fairly cried for joy.
It seems wonderful that so frail and lovely a plant has such power over human hearts. This Calypso meeting happened some forty-five years ago, and it was more memorable and impressive than any of my meetings with human beings excepting, perhaps, Emerson and one or two others. When I was leaving the University, Professor J.D. Butler said, “John, I would like to know what becomes o you, and I wish you would write me, say once a year, so I may keep you in sight.” I wrote to the Professor, telling him about this meeting with Calypso, and he sent the letter to an Eastern newspaper [The Boston Recorder] with some comments of his own. These, as far as I know, were the first of my words that appeared in print.
How long I sat beside Calypso I don’t know. Hunger and weariness vanished, and only after the sun was low in the west I splashed on through the swamp, strong and exhilarated as if never more to feel any mortal care. At length I saw maple woods on a hill and found a log house. I was gladly received. “Where ha ye come fra? The swamp, that awfu’ swamp. What were ye doin’ there?” etc. “Mony a puir body has been lost in that muckle, cauld, dreary bog and never been found.” When I told her I had entered it in search of plants and had been in it all day, she wondered how plants could draw me to these awful places, and said, “It’s god’s mercy ye ever got out.” Oftentimes I had to sleep without blankets, and sometimes without supper, but usually I had no great difficulty in finding a loaf of bread here and there at the houses of the farmer settlers in the widely scattered clearings. With one of these large backwoods loaves I was able to wander many a long wild fertile mile in the forests and bogs, free as the winds, gathering plants, and glorying in God’s abounding inexhaustible spiritual beauty bread. Storms, thunderclouds, winds in the woods—were welcomed as friends.
Muir Graphic Organizer A
Summarize the events in each paragraph, locate phrases Muir uses to describe nature, and discuss how his words show his relationship with nature. Also, explain how Muir’s writing illustrates naturalism.
|Graphic Organizer A
|What does Muir accomplish in the paragraph?
|Quotations: Select phrases Muir uses to describe nature in the paragraph.
|How do his words show his relationship with nature?
|How does the paragraph illustrate naturalism?
Muir lists the species he encountered
on his trip to study plants in their natural
|“rejoicing in their bound wealth and strength and beauty”
“reveling in their flowers”
“glorying in the fresh cool beauty and charm”
|Muir is thrilled to be exploring in nature. The words “rejoicing, reveling, and glorying” are words that show his enjoyment of nature and how much he appreciates it.
|Naturalists observe nature and study how natural elements connect. Muir formally lists the trees he encounters and then describes himself interacting with the natural environment, “Rejoicing in their bound wealth and strength and beauty…”
Muir Graphic Organizer B
Directions: Choose a descriptive quotation from each paragraph that highlights Muir’s writing style. Describe his use of diction and connotation and the effect it has on the reader.
|Graphic Organizer B
|Use of Diction & Connotation
|Effect on the Reader
“I set off on the first of my long lonely excursions, botanising in glorious freedom around the Great Lakes and wandering through innumerable tamarac and arbor-vitae swamps, and forests of maple”
|Muir’s writing is formal and academic, describing the intention of his excursion (botanizing). He uses the word lonely which usually has a negative connotation, but being alone helps him focus and enjoy his work. He also describes “glorious freedom” which has a positive connotation. The word innumerable creates a sense of awe for boundless species of trees and plants.
|In this paragraph Muir lets the reader know the purpose of his excursion, shows he feels free in nature, and expresses a sense of wonder in nature. The reader is invited to come on the journey with him.