1-Theodore Judah did all of the following, EXCEPT A-made unrealistic cost estimates of railroad construction B-died in New York on a trip to raise funds from eastern tycoons. C-approved the giving contracts to Crocker’s construction company. D-helped get passage of the Pacific Railway Act of 1862. 2-The Pacific Railway Act of 1862 was insufficient to ensure the creation of a transcontinental railway primarily because A-it did not provide adequate funds. B-it did not have the support of southern states C-it applied to any company that wanted to build a railroad. D-it did not provide adequate protection from Indian raids. 3-This was the greatest impact of the Civil War on California: A-shortage of supplies and disruption of commerce. B-political upheaval between Republicans and Democrats. C-the potential for violence between pro-South and pro-North factions. D-the loss of men who went to fight the war. 4-The Pacific Railway Act of 1864 A-doubled the land grant given to the railroad companies. B-forbade the use of Chinese labor in railroad construction. C-had little impact on the completion of the transcontinental railroad. D-was not a significant improvement from the 1862 law. 5-In 1863, ______________ used his connections in the east to get loans for the Central Pacific Railroad. A-Mark Hopkins B-Leland Stanford C-Charles Crocker D-Collis P. Huntington 6-Who constructed the first railroad in California? A-Leland Stanford B-Charles Crocker C-Theodore Judah D-Mark Hopkins
7-Which political party dominated California politics in the 1860s? A-Republican Party B-Whig Party C-Progressive Party D-Democratic Party 8-The Big Four created the Southern Pacific Company A-as a way to avoid the debts of the Central Pacific Railroad. B-in order to make it easier to manage their many different holdings. C-to oversee their various philanthropic activities D-because they were forced to by government regulators. 9-By 1860, what new situation provided more impetus for creating a railroad across the Sierra? A-The success of the Comstock Lode in Nevada B-The near unanimous backing of California business interests C-Federal subsidies for railroads D-New technology for building railroads over mountains 10-Which of the following was NOT one of the “Big Four” of the Central Pacific Railroad? A-Leland Stanford B-Theodore Judah C-Charles Crocker D-Mark Hopkins 11-In 1861, ___________ was elected governor of California. A-William Gwin B-Mark Hopkins C-John C. Frémont D-Leland Stanford 12-The first rail line in California started at A-Sacramento. B-Stockton. C-San Jose. D-San Francisco.
13-Which of the following regions saw the MOST construction of local rail lines through 1866? A-San Joaquin Valley B-San Francisco Bay Area C-Southern Sierra Nevada D-Northern Sacramento Valley 14-Why was the plan presented by Theodore Judah for a transcontinental railroad rejected by Congress in 1860? A-It provided no details about how the railroad would be constructed. B-It had no significant backing in California. C-It was opposed by many Southerners. D-It did not advocate public subsidies. 15-Which of the Big Four were most well-known for opposition to racial prejudice and discrimination? A-Hopkins and Crocker B-Crocker and Huntington C-Stanford and Crocker D-Hopkins and Stanford 16-Completion of the Dutch Flat Toll Road A-created a major competitor for the Central Pacific Railroad. B-occurred after the completion of the railroad across the Sierra Nevada. C-allowed the Big Four to dominate commerce with the Comstock Lode. D-was done under the supervision of Theodore Judah. 17-Which of the following reasons BEST accounts for sluggish population growth in California in the latter half of the 1850s? A-Immigrants dislike of the climate B-No government incentives for having children C-Insufficient food to feed everyone D-Declining profits from gold mining 18-The Central Pacific Railroad relied primarily on ______ laborers to lay the tracks over the Sierra Nevada. A-Indian B-Irish
C-Chinese D-black 19-Once the tracks over the Sierra Nevada were completed, building the remaining track to Promontory Point, Utah A-was excruciatingly slow. B-could not take place. C-was very rapid. D-proceeded at a leisurely pace. 20-After 1870, most new railways in California A-went bankrupt. B-consolidated with each other to counterbalance the Big Four. C-were successful. D-were acquired by the Big Four. 21-In 1870, the western terminus of the Central Pacific Railroad was in A-Oakland. B-Sacramento C-San Francisco. D-Benicia. 22-Which of the Big Four was most responsible for getting supplies and credit for the Central Pacific Railroad? A-Hopkins B-Crocker C-Stanford D-Huntington 23-The Big Four of the Central Pacific Railroad were strong supporters of the _______ Party. A-Whig B-Free Soil C-Republican D-Democratic 24-The MOST important reason why Congress didn’t pass a transcontinental railroad bill in the 1850s was
A-no support for it in California. B-lack of support from the Republican Party. C-political wrangling. D-no suggestions on how to pay for it