Original Passage 1:
people do a lousy job of spotting liars. Law-enforcement officers and other presumed experts are not consistently better at it than ordinary people even though they’re more confident in their abilities.
According to John Tierney
Original Passage 2:
One technique that has been taught to law-enforcement officers is to watch the upward eye movements of people as they talk. This is based on a theory from believers in “neuro-linguistic programming” that people tend to glance upward to their right when lying, and upward to the left when telling the truth.
In experiments at the University of Chicago, Dr. Epley and his colleagues have found that people vastly overestimate how much mind reading they can do by looking at someone’s facial expressions. “Reading people’s expressions can give you a little information, but you get so much more just by talking to them,” he says. “The mind comes through the mouth.
John Tierney observes and explains
Original Passage 4:
As people tell more and bigger untruths, certain brain areas respond less to the whoppers, scientists now show. Their data finding might help explain how small fibs can ultimately turn into a pattern of lying.
Laura Sanders declares
Tierney, John. “At Airports, a Misplaced Faith in Body Language.” The New York Times. March, 23. 2014.
Sanders, Laura. “Lying Sets Up a Liar’s Brain to Lie More.” Science News For Students. November, 21. 2016.